The range of the wireless telecommunication system depends not only on the electrical properties of the antennas, but also on the parameters of other elements in the transceiver chain. The main parameters affecting the balance of the link are: transmitting antenna gain, receiving antenna gain, transmitter output power, receiver sensitivity, losses on RF signal cables and distances between the transmitting and receiving antennas. Knowing these parameters, allows you to estimate the working range of the system. In addition, the actual quality and range of the wireless link may also be affected by environmental conditions, including atmospheric conditions, the type of propagation environment, objects in close proximity to the antennas and losses resulting from the limited Antenna Pointing Accuracy or polarization losses.

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